ENVIRONMENT AND WILDLIFE STEWARDSHIP

FRSD has been active in the Western Ghats range of mountains in southern districts of Tamilnadu, India and is dedicated to protection of rare and endangered species.  The Western Ghats are a mountain range that runs almost parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, located entirely in India. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the eight "hottest hotspots" of biological diversity in the world. The Western Ghats of southwestern India is one of the most densely populated of the 35 global biodiversity hotspots. The hotspot is extraordinarily rich in species, especially plants, found nowhere else. However, its forests face tremendous population pressure and have been dramatically impacted by demands for timber and agricultural land, according to the CEPF.

FRSD has completed various projects in the mountain ranges situated in Madurai, Theni and Virudhunagar districts of Tamilnadu to ensure that Nature will be around for our future generations. Wildlife conservation has become an increasingly important action because of the negative effects of human activity on wildlife. Some of the conservation activities are listed below:

  • Conservation of mountain landscape and forest ecosystem from invasive alien species mainly from Lantana camera.  Since invasiveness of a species involves complex interactions with the invaded environment, proper environmental stewardship is necessary for intervention and management strategy to eradicate biological invasions. Our intervention in the Western Ghats range in Theni was aimed at prevention/exclusion, early detection, rapid assessment and control/eradication. The project was supported by the KNCF, Japan.  FRSD collected information on all the invasive alien species found in India and compiled a detailed, illustrated book on 173 invasive alien species in India on completion of the project.
  • Conserving Primates in the Theni forest areas.  FRSD has documented primate species and their natural habitats in Theni forest ranges, with the kind support of the KNCF, Japan and International Primatological Society, USA.  The current status of primates in Meghamalai, Kurangani Hills, Vellimalai and Suruli falls have been studied and a detailed report on primate species endemic to the region has been prepared. The following species are recorded in various forest ranges: Lion tailed macaques, Rhesus Macaques,Bonnet Macaques, Gray langurs, Nilgiri langurs and Slender loris (L.tardigradus).